hero image


Laser Beam Welding


Laser Welding Industrial Applications

Laser welding is an innovative process of fusing materials using a beam of laser light. It offers unparalleled precision, speed and versatility in today’s evolving manufacturing and design landscape. This advanced welding technique is pivotal across various industries such as automotive, medical, aerospace, jewelry, electronics and battery manufacturing.

With its ability to produce high-quality welds across a diverse range of materials, laser welding is reshaping the manufacturing world, making it more efficient, reliable and capable of meeting the rigorous demands of modern production.

Contact Us To Learn More


What Is Laser Welding?

Laser welding uses a focused laser beam to fuse materials, creating strong, clean and precise joints. This process operates in various modes:

  • Conduction welding: Occurs when the beam’s power density is less than 105 W/cm2, resulting in welds with a low depth-to-width ratio. It is ideal for delicate welds on thin materials.
  • Deep penetration/keyhole welding: Occurs when the beam’s power density is more than 106-107 W/cm2, resulting in welds with a high depth-to-width ratio. It is suitable for welding thicker materials that require robust joints
  • Laser spot welding: In this technique, the laser makes small, localized welds to join tiny, complex parts.
  • Laser seam welding: This technique creates long, continuous seams to form a fillet at the joints of the welded materials.

How Does It Work?

Laser welding directs a focused, collimated, high-intensity beam of light directly at the materials to be joined. The high-precision laser beam generates intense heat which melts the materials. Upon cooling, they solidify to form a seamless weld. This method is highly efficient since it causes minimal distortion to the material, making it possible to weld complex shapes and delicate components.

Laser beam welding is highly significant in modern engineering and manufacturing. It offers a solution for creating repeatable, durable, high-quality welds essential for the functionality and longevity of products in critical sectors — from the manufacturing of electric vehicle batteries to the delicate complexities involved in the production of medical equipment.


Different Types of Laser Beam Welding

There are various types of lasers used in laser welding. These include:

Browse Our Laser Systems


Fiber Lasers

Fiber lasers produce a high-precision laser beam from a laser diode. The beam is then transmitted to a focusing torch using fiber optic cables. Fiber lasers stand out for their high power output, energy efficiency and small footprint, making them ideal for welding different materials. They also offer superior beam quality which allows for delicate and detailed welds. Fiber lasers are favored for their minimal maintenance requirements as well, making them a cost-effective choice for continuous, high-volume production environments.

CO2 Lasers

CO2 lasers operate by exciting carbon dioxide molecules with electricity to produce a laser beam. They are effective for welding various materials. However, it can be challenging to weld reflective materials such as stainless steel and titanium using these lasers due to the reflection of initial power that slows down the melting onset. Nonetheless, CO2 lasers offer a unique advantage in weld quality, especially on thicker materials.

Nd:YAG Lasers 

Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Nd:YAG) lasers are a type of solid-state laser that uses neodymium-doped YAG crystals as the gain medium. They are an older technology but can be effective for metal welding since they produce a light wavelength easily absorbed by metals. They can be operated in continuous or pulsed modes, giving them versatility for different welding requirements such as spot, seam and deep penetration welding.


What Materials Can Be Welded Using a Laser?

Laser welding’s adaptability makes it suitable for a wide range of materials such as:

  • Metals: Aluminum, stainless steel, copper, brass, titanium, silver and nickel are a few examples of metals that can be joined using laser beam welding.
  • Plastics: Lasers can effectively weld some thermoplastics such as polycarbonate, ABS and nylon to create seamless welds without adhesive. Low heating and highly localized melting should be applied for best results. In some applications, an additive can be mixed into the plastic to make it more laser-friendly.


Learn More About Our Capabilities


Choose the Right Laser Welder for Your Applications

The choice of laser technology is critical to achieving the desired welding outcomes. Factors such as the materials to be welded, the thickness of the material, the type of weld required and production volume all play a role when selecting a laser welding system.

At Laser Marking Technogies, LLC, we are experts at matching your welding needs with the right laser technology and equipment to ensure optimal manufacturing performance, efficiency and quality in manufacturing processes. Explore how our laser welding solutions can elevate your production to new heights. Request a quote today or talk to one of our support specialists and transform your production process.

Contact Us for a Sample